Statistical Collections Guide

American Statistical Association. Records, 1839-[ongoing].
Extent: 101.28 linear feet.
Number: MS-349.
Description: The American Statistical Association is a professional society interested in the theory, methodology, and application of statistics to all fields of human endeavor. It was founded in 1839 in Boston, Massachusetts. Originally called the American Statistical Society, it changed its name to its present form in 1840. A constitution and charter were in place by 1841. Beginning as a regional organization, the ASA had become a national organization by 1914. In 1934, it moved its headquarters to Washington, D.C. During the last half century the ASA has increased its membership base and the number of publications it produces. By 1990, ASA's membership had reached 15,000 and it published nine journals. Its current headquarters are in Alexandria, Virginia. For a fuller history of the American Statistical Association, see R.L. Mason, J.D. Mc Kenzie, Jr., and S.J. Ruberg, "A Brief History of the American Statistical Association, 1839-1989, " The American Statistician, Vol. 44, No. 2 (May 1990): 68-73.
The American Statistical Association records do not uniformly document the organization's history. Though there are some nineteenth-century records, there are also many gaps in the early documentation. The collection is most complete for recent decades, particularly the 1980s. It includes correspondence, committee files, financial records, publications, indexes to journals, conference proceedings, news clippings, and research proposals. It also includes a copy of the American Statistical Association's original charter and constitution. The collection contains some records dealing with the International Statistical Institute, IRIS Programs in Africa, CIRIS Programs in Africa and Asia, the Latin American Program (LAP), the Committee of Presidents of Statistical Societies (COPSS), and contains early organizational materials and information on the Institute of Mathematical Statistics. There are records for several sections within ASA, most notably the Biopharmaceutical Section, ca. 1970-79.
The American Statistical Association Records were donated to the Iowa State University Library in 1984. The collection is part of the ISU Library's Statistical Archives, which documents the history of statistics in the United States. A guide to the collections in the Statistical Archive, including the personal papers of several past ASA presidents and some of the records of ASA journal, is available upon request.
The collection was processed in 1996 with the financial assistance of the American Statistical Association.
Status: Processed.
Finding Aid: Online. (pdf file)


American Statistical Association. Chesapeake Chapter. Records, 1984-1990, n.d.
Extent: 0.21 linear ft.
Number: MS-214.
Description: The Chesapeake Chapter of the American Statistical Association was formed in 1984.  The collection contains a copy of the charter, constitution and by-laws, history, correspondence, membership and meeting information, and the chapter's newsletter.
Status: Processed.
Finding Aid: Online.


Annals of Statistics. Editorial Records, 1974-92.
Extent: 96.5 linear feet.
Number: MS-513, MS-514, MS-515, MS-516, MS-617, MS-649.
Description: The Annals of Statistics is the scholarly journal of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics. It began publication in 1973 and publishes four issues each year. The collection includes editorial files of the journal under the editorship of I. Richard Savage (editor from 1974 to 1977, 9.5 linear feet, MS-513); Rupert G. Miller, Jr. (editor from 1977 to 1979, 26.75 linear feet, MS-514) Willem van Zwet (editor from 1986 to 1988, 37 linear feet, MS-515), Arthur Cohen (editor from 1989-92, 23.25 linear feet, MS-516), James O. Berger (editor from 1994-2000, 14.3 linear feet, MS-617), and Hans Kunsch co-editor, 1998-2000, 3.02 linear feet, MS-649). Access to these records is restricted. For further information, check with the Special Collections Department.
Status: MS-513, MS-514, MS-515, MS-617, and MS-649 are container listed; MS-516 is unprocessed.
Finding Aid: Available in Special Collections.


Berkson, Joseph (1899-1982). Papers, 1940-1979.
Extent: 0.84 linear foot.
Number: MS-575.
Description: Physician and statistician. Born in New York City in 1899, Berkson received a BS at City College, New York in 1920; an AM at Columbia University in 1922; an MD at Johns Hopkins University in 1927; and an ScD at Johns Hopkins in 1928. Berkson was employed by the Mayo Clinic and the University of Minnesota from 1932 to 1964. A professor of Biometry at Minnesota, he was head of the biometry and medical statistics division at the Mayo Clinic. The collection includes correspondence, photographs, published and unpublished writings, lectures and speeches, clippings, honors, and research materials. Correspondents include Francis J. Anscombe, Peter Armitage, George A. Barnard, M. S. Bartlett, Yvonne Bishop, David Blackwell, George W. Brown, Herman Chernoff, William G. Cochran, Jerome Cornfield, A. W. F. Edwards, Bradley Efron, Churchill Eisenhart, Thomas G. Ferguson, D. J. Finney, John Gart, J. K. Ghosh, Leo A. Goodman, David R. Goddard, Bernard Greenberg, James E. Grizzle, E. J. Gumbel, William E. Hall, Bruce M. Hill, David V. Hinkley, Joseph L. Hodges, Jr., Oscar Kempthorne, John F. Kennedy, Maurice Kendall, Ancel Keys, Gary G. Koch, William Kruskal, Richard G. Krutchkoff, S. Kullback, Lucien Le Cam, Rupert G. Miller, Jr., Frederick Mosteller, Jerzy Neyman, E. S. Pearson, R. L. Plackett, C. R. Rao, I. J. Savage, William F. Taylor, John W. Tukey, Jean Pierre Vigier, and C. P. Winsor. Organizations and corporate bodies represented in the collection include the American Public Health Association, Army Air Force, Federal Security Agency, Food and Drug Administration, Institute of Mathematical Statistics, International College of Surgeons, Mayo Clinic, and the National Academy of Sciences.
Status: Container listed.
Finding Aid: Online.


Bose, Raj C. (1901-87). Papers, 1927-79.
Extent: 7.41 linear feet.
Number: MS-574.
Description: Statistician. Bose received a BS from Hindu College (India) in 1922 and an MS from the same institution in 1924. He received a DLitt from the University of Calcutta in 1947. He was a lecturer in mathematics at Asutosh College in India (1930-34), was a statistician at the Statistical Institute (India) from 1934 to 1940, and taught at the University of Calcutta from 1940 to 1949. Bose taught at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, from 1949 to 1971, and at Colorado State University from 1971 to 1980. Bose was president of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics in 1971-72. His research interests included design of experiments; multivariate analysis; mathematical statistics; combinatorics; non-Euclidean geometry; number theory; modern algebra; finite geometry; graph theory; Imgrossen problems of differential geometry; information theory; and error correcting codes. The collection includes an autobiography and vita; clippings; honors; correspondence; published and unpublished writings, including answers to Bose's MA exam (1927); research materials; and lecture notes.
Status: Container listed.
Finding Aid: Available in Special Collections.


Bradley, Ralph A. (1923- ). Papers, 1955-93.
Extent: 14.3 linear feet.
Number: MS-269.
Description: Statistician. Bradley was trained at Queen's University, Ontario (BA, 1944 and MA, 1946) and the University of North Carolina (PhD in mathematical statistics, 1949). He taught at McGill University (1949-50), Virginia Polytechnic Institute (1950-59), and Florida State University (1959-82). He is presently an emeritus professor at the University of Georgia. Bradley was president of the American Statistical Association in 1981. His research interests include mathematical statistics and statistical methods for sensory difference testing. The collection includes Bradley's records as president of the ASA in 1981, president-elect in 1980, and past- president in 1982; and his files dealing with various ASA committees, including the ASA Building Fund and the NRC-NAS Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics. Other papers include correspondence and published and unpublished research materials. Organizations represented in the collection include the National Research Council and the Committee on Statistics of the Southern Regional Educational Board; Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statisics of the National Research Council (NRC); Board on Mathematical Statistics of the NRC; and the International Statistical Institute.
Status: Processed.
Finding Aid: Online.


Cooke, Dorothy St. John. Papers, 1945-65.
Extent: 0.42 linear feet.
Number: RS 13/24/53.
Description: Statistician. Cooke received a PhB from the University of Chicago (1936) and an MS from Iowa State College (1946). She worked as a price analyst for the Office of Price Administration (1941-42), as an economist for the Smaller War Plants Corporation (1942-44), and as a research associate at Iowa State (1944-50). Cooke was a training officer in the Bureau of the Census from 1951-53. Cooke later worked in a variety of international programs as a statistical adviser in Pakistan, Viet Nam, Jordan, and Switzerland (1958-65). She was a visiting and adjunct professor at the University of North Carolina from 1969 to 1974. The collection includes printed surveys and reports written by Cooke; correspondence; and personal impressions of countries in which she worked.
Status: Processed.
Finding Aid: Online.


Cornfield, Jerome (1912-79). Papers, 1949-78; bulk dates 1962-78.
Extent: 34.5 linear feet.
Number: MS-576.
Description: Biostatistician. Cornfield graduated from New York University (BA in history, 1933). He did graduate work at Columbia University and was trained in statistics and mathematics at the U.S. Department of Agriculture Graduate School (1936-38). Cornfield was employed as a statistician by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (1935-46); and worked for the Public Health Service, which later became the National Institutes of Health (NIH), from 1947 to 1958. He was chair of the Department of Biostatistics at Johns Hopkins University from from 1958 to 1960. Cornfield returned to NIH in 1960, retiring from federal service in 1967. He joined the Graduate School of Public Health at the University of Pittsburgh as professor of Biostatistics (1967-72), when he became Director of the Biostatistics Institute at George Washington University. He served as chair of the Department of Statistics at GWU from 1973 to 1976. Cornfield was recognized as a pioneer in biostatistics and epidemiological research. The collection includes correspondence, published and unpublished writings, lectures and papers presented at conferences, and research materials. Cornfield's research files include materials on saccharine, cancer and cancer drugs, red dye #40, diabetes, hypertension, and smoking. Correspondents include Katherine Detre and Sam Greenhouse. Organizations represented in the collection include the American Health Foundation, American Heart Association, Food Safety Council, Research Triangle Institute, and Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center.
Status: Container listed.
Finding Aid: Online.


De Groot, Morris H. (1931-1989). Papers, 1954-1988, undated.
Extent: 3.78 linear feet.
Number: MS-561.
Description: Statistician. De Groot received a BS from Roosevelt University (1952), and an MS and PhD from the University of Chicago (1954, 1958). He taught his entire career at Carnegie-Mellon University, as a professor of mathematical statistics and then as a professor of statistics and industrial administration. He was chair of the Department of Statistics from 1966 to 1972. De Groot's research centered on economic theory, and he was a fellow of the American Statistical Association. Collection includes correspondence, research notes, manuscripts of publications.
Status: Processed.
Finding Aid: Online.


Guenther, William C. (1921- ). Papers, 1983-86.
Extent: 0.42 linear feet.
Number: MS-569.
Description: Statistician. Guenther received a BA from the University of Iowa (1943), an MS from Iowa (1946), and a PhD from the University of Washington (1952), all in mathematics. He was a member of the Mathematics Department at the University of Arkansas in 1948-49 and worked as a mathematical statistician for the Naval Ordnance Laboratory from 1952 to 1955. Guenther taught mathematics at Arizona State University (1955-57) and Fresno State College (1957-63) before joining the Statistics Department at the University of Wyoming in 1963. His research interests include testing hypotheses and quality control. The collection includes correspondence from Guenther's editorial tenure at the Institute of Mathematical Statistics Bulletin, which he edited from 1981 to 1986. It also includes unpublished writings and reactions to his "Where are the Americans?" editorial, printed in 1986. Correspondents include Kenneth S. Alexander, Oliver D. Anderson, George A. Barnard, Lynne Billard, David Blackwell, Edward C. Bryant, Lai K. Chan, W. Edwards Deming, Kjell Doksum, Walter T. Federer, Richard D. Gill, Ram Gnanadesikan, William M. Golomski, Jose L. Gonzales, I. J. Good, Gerald Hahn, Anders Hald, William L. Harkness, Robert V. Hogg, Richard Johnson, S. K. Katti, Jerome P. Keating, Oscar Kempthorne, Walter Kremers, William Kruskal, Robert O. Kuehl, Fred C. Leone, Thomas M. Liggett, Dennis Lindley, Paul Meier, Frederick Mosteller, A. Mukherjea, Ingram Olkin, Navin T. Parikh, Ronald Pyke, Ernest Scheuer, Adrian F. M. Smith, Jaya Srivastava, George B. H. Styan, Erling Sverdrup, Roy N. Tamura, Willem van Zwet, Janet T. Wittes, D. Ylvisaker, and S. Stanley Young.
Status: Container listed.
Finding Aid: Available in Special Collections.


Hartley, H. O. (1912-1980). Papers, 1934-1980, undated.
Extent: 4.32 linear feet.
Number: RS 13/24/59.
Description: H. O. Hartley (1912-1980), a German statistician, emigrated from Germany to England in 1934 after receiving his Ph.D. in Mathematics from Berlin University. He taught mathematics and statistics at Harper Adams Agricultural College in Shropshire, University College in London, Iowa State College (University), Texas A&M University, and Duke University. Hartley founded the Institute of Statistics at Texas A&M University and published professional papers and reports for the National Testing Service (NTS) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). He was elected a Fellow of the American Statistical Association (ASA) and was a member of the International Statistical Association. He also developed Hartley's Test in 1950, which is used to verify that different groups have a similar variance. This collection includes Hartley's professional papers, technical reports, and consultation reports for NTS and NASA. The collection also contains lecture notes, handouts, and correspondence.
Status: Processed.
Finding Aid: Online.


Institute of Mathematical Statistics. Records, 1978-1986.
Extent: 1.05 linear feet.
Number: MS-568.
Description: Professional society of mathematicians and others interested in mathematical statistics and probability theory. Records include correspondence, institution reports, and handbooks. For papers of past presidents of the IMS, see the collections of Raj C. Bose, Oscar Kempthorne, Paul Meier, and Rupert G. Miller, Jr., described in this guide.
Status: Container listed.
Finding Aid: Online.


Journal of the American Statistical Association. Editorial Records, 1988-93.
Extent: Ca. 60 linear feet.
Number: MS-261.
Description: Files from the Theory and Methods section (original research contributions) of the JASA under the editorship of Edward J. Wegman, including articles submitted and editorial correspondence. Access to these records is restricted until January 1, 2028. For further information, check with the Special Collections Department.
Status: Unprocessed.
Finding Aid: Unavailable.


Kempthorne, Oscar (1919- ). Papers, 1819-1995.
Extent: 77.2 linear feet.
Number: RS 13/24/52.
Description: Statistician. Kempthorne was educated at Cambridge University (BA, 1940; MA, 1943), and received an ScD from Cambridge in 1960. He was a statistician at the Rothamsted Experimental Station (1941-46); a member of the Statistics Department, Iowa State University (1947-89); and a Distinguished Professor, science and humanities, at ISU (1964-89). Kempthorne's research interests include biological statistics, design of experiments, and statistical inference. The collection includes Kempthorne's files as president of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics (1984-85); notes on statistical theories and their application to science (agronomy, biometrics, and genetics), lectures, and correspondence. Correspondents include Advances in Agronomy; American Society of Agronomy; American Statistical Association; Batelle Memorial Institute; Iowa Board of Regents; Corn Industries Research Foundation; Freeman and Co., Publishers; Institute of Mathematical Statistics; V. N. Murty; National Vegetable Research Station; Stanford University; and the University of Windsor. There are also many letters from colleagues, usually requesting that Kempthorne review a book or commenting on a presentation at a conference. These letters are in the files relating to the conferences and associations referred to by the correspondent rather than arranged by correspondents' names.
Status: Processed.
Finding Aid: Online. (pdf file)


Lukacs, Eugene (1906-1987). Papers, 1899-1987, undated.
Extent: 9.24 linear feet.
Number: MS-282.
Description: Mathematical statistician. Born in Hungary, Lukacs received a PhD in mathematics from the University of Vienna in 1930. He worked as a mathematician for the U.S. Naval Ordnance Test Station (1948-50) and the National Bureau of Standards (1950-53), and was head of the statistical branch, Office of Naval Research (1953-55). Most of his academic career was spent at Catholic University (1955-72), where he served in the mathematics department and as director of the statistical laboratory. From 1972 to 1975, he was a professor of mathematics at Bowling Green State University; from 1975 to 1977 he was visiting professor in the Technical University of Vienna. Lukacs's research areas included probability theory and mathematical statistics; he was the author of several books on these topics. Lukacs was a fellow of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics and the American Statistical Association. Papers include research notes and manuscripts (including Lukacs's student notebooks), offprints of the articles of statisticians and mathematicians, card files, and correspondence.
Status: Processed.
Finding Aid: Online.


Meier, Paul (1924-2011). Papers, 1952-2011, undated.
Extent: 2.94 linear feet.
Number: MS-268.
Description: Medical statistician and mathematics educator, Paul Meier was born in Newark on July 24, 1924. He received a B.S. (1945) in physics and mathematics from Oberlin College and an M.A. (1947) and Ph.D. (1951) in mathematics from Princeton University. Meier served on the faculty of Lehigh University, Johns Hopkins University, University of Chicago, and Columbia University. Throughout his career, Meier conducted, oversaw and commented on clinical trials. Meier promoted randomization, which randomly assigns patients under study either to the experimental group or the group receiving standard treatment. He also developed the Kaplan-Meier estimator, a widely accepted standard for estimating a patient's survival. During his distinguished career, Meier was president of both the Institute of Mathematical Statistics and the Society for Clinical Trials.
Status: Processed.
Finding Aid: Online.


Olkin, Ingram (1924- ). Papers, 1957-85.
Extent: 9.5 linear feet.
Number: MS-573.
Description: Mathematical statistician and educator. Ingram Olkin received his MA from Columbia University and his PhD from the University of North Carolina. He has taught at Michigan State University, the University of Minnesota, and other universities. He has been at Stanford University since 1961, where he holds a joint position in the Departments of Statistics and Education. The collection contains correspondence, reports, book reviews, manuscripts, and research materials. Research topics include psychometrics and naval work. Correspondents include Murray Aitkin, Khursheed Alam, Peter O. Anderson, T. W. Anderson, Steven Arnold, Raghu P. Bhargava, Lois Defleur, Joe Deken, Persi Diaconis, M. L. Eaton, Richard Ellis, Robert Ganse, S. G. Ghurge, L. J. Gleser, W. J. Hall, Janis Hardwick, Agnes Herzberg, Gopinath Kallianpur, Leo Katz, Roderick P. McDonald, Michael D. Perlman, and Ted Szatrowski. Organizations and publications represented in the collection include the American Statistical Association, the Annals of Statistics, the Institute of Mathematical Statistics, and the Journal of the American Statistical Association.
Status: Unprocessed.
Finding Aid: Unavailable.


Snedecor, George W. (1881-1974). Papers, 1916-1978; bulk 1934-74.
Extent: 1.89 linear feet.
Number: RS 13/24/51.
Description: Statistician. Snedecor received a BS from the University of Alabama (mathematics and physics, 1905) and an MA from the University of Michigan (physics, 1913). He came to Iowa State College (later Iowa State University) in 1913 to teach mathematics, and taught the first statistics course there in 1915. Snedecor was a pioneer in the area of applying statistical methods to agricultural research, and worked with Henry A. Wallace, editor of Wallaces Farmer, in this area in the 1920s. Snedecor established and was the first director of the Statistical Laboratory at Iowa State, the first institute of its kind in the United States, in 1933; he served as its director until 1947. He remained in the Statistics Department until his retirement in 1958. Snedecor served as president of the American Statistical Association in 1948. The collection includes biographical information, copies of Snedecor's publications (including his classic work on Statistical Methods, first published in 1937), and correspondence. Correspondents include William G. Cochran, Gertrude Cox, Ronald A. Fisher, E. E. Houseman, and Emil H. Jebe. The collection also includes correspondence of Ted. A. Bancroft relating to a biography and bibliography of Snedecor and the Snedecor Memorial Fund.
Status: Processed.
Finding Aid: Online.


Solomon, Herbert (1919-2004). Papers, 1967-2004.
Extent: 2.3 linear feet.
Number: MS-572.
Description: Mathematical statistician. Solomon received a BS from City College, New York (1940); an MA from Columbia University (1941); and a PhD in mathematical statistics from Stanford University (1950). He taught at Columbia University (1943-46) and was associated with the Office of Naval Research from 1949 to 1952. Solomon has been a member of the Statistics Department at Stanford University since 1952. The papers include correspondence, published and unpublished writings, and research files. The research files include data and reports on the criminal justice system, incomes, and jury decision-making. Correspondents include D. Edwin Baisdell, Edward Brill, Mark Brown, Herman Chernoff, Morris H. De Groot, Churchill Eisenhart, Alan E. Gelfand, Aaron Goldman, Norman L. Johnson, William Kruskal, Fred Leone, Paul Meier, Jerzy Neyman, Ingram Olkin, Irving Roshwalb, Michael Stephens, John van Ryzin, Ted Unger, and S. Zacks. Organizations represented in the collection include the Army Mathematics Steering Committee, Energy Research and Development Administration, National Academy of Sciences, National Highway Traffic Administration, National Science Foundation, National Security Agency, Picatinny Arsenal, Office of Naval Research, and Rock Island Arsenal.
Status: Processed.
Finding Aid: Online.


Wegman, Edward J. (1943- ). Papers, 1986-92.
Extent: 10.2 linear feet.
Number: MS-262.
Description: Mathematical statistician. Wegman received a BS from St. Louis University (1965) and an MS and PhD in statistics from the University of Iowa (1967 and 1968). He was a member of the Statistics Department at the University of North Carolina from 1968 to 1978 and was associated with the Office of Naval Research from 1978 to 1986, first as director of statistics and probability programs, then as director of its Mathematical Sciences Division. Wegman has been director of the Center for Computational Statistics at George Mason University since 1986; he co-founded the Institute for Computational Sciences and Informatics at George Mason in 1990. He is presently also chair of the Department of Applied and Engineering Statistics at George Mason University. The collection includes personal correspondence; papers dealing with the founding of the programs at George Mason University listed above; and editorial files from several journals, including Communications in Statistics, Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference, Computational Statistics and Data Analysis, and Statistics and Probability Letters.
Status: Unprocessed
Finding Aid: Unavailable.